Program and Agenda

Abstract

A COMPARISON OF STABLE SILICON ISOTOPE COMPOSITIONS OF BIOGENIC OPAL AND DIATOM ASSEMBLAGES: A DEGLACIAL TO HOLOCENE RECORD OF THE PERUVIAN UPWELLING

The stable silicon isotope composition (δ30Si) of diatom frustules has proven to be a powerful tool to reconstruct surface water nutrient utilization in the past as lighter isotopes of silicon are preferentially incorporated by the diatoms leaving seawater enriched in the heavier isotopes. The fractionation factor during incorporation of silicon in diatoms had previously been assumed to be species independent (La Rocha et al. 1997). However, results of a recent study (Sutton et al., 2013) suggested first species dependent fractionation factors between -0.5 to 2.1‰, which possibly influenced past Si isotope records. It is thus important to constrain how changes in diatom assemblages affect their δ30Si record. We compare the δ30Si signatures of different size fractions of biogenic opal (11-32 and 32-150µm) and of handpicked diatoms (>150µm; mono-specific e.g. Coscinodiscus spp.) with the diatom assemblages from sediment core M772-003-2 at 15°S off Peru. Combining these records enables more reliable reconstructions of past silicate utilization related to changes in the intensity of the Peruvian upwelling, as well as of variations in the source water isotope compositions over the last 20,000 years.

ePoster:

Authors

Doering, K., University of Kiel/ Institute of Geoscience, Germany, kd@gpi.uni-kiel.de

Crosta, X., Université Bordeaux 1/ EPOC, France

Frank, M., Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel, Germany

Schneider, R., University of Kiel/ Institute of Geoscience, Germany

Details

Poster presentation

Session #:018
Date: 2/27/2014
Time: 16:00 - 18:00
Location: Poster/Exhibit Hall

Presentation is given by student: Yes

PosterID: 2102