Abstracts

Abstract Preparation Guide

All abstracts must be in English, using metric units. Do not include illustrations, figures, or photos. Use no smaller than 10-point type if submitting by mail. Use a single space between sentences.

The title of the abstract must be in all caps and must not exceed 160 characters. The body of the abstract must adhere to a maximum count of 180 words, exclusive of the title and the author citations. Please make the abstract as informative and representative of your presentation as possible.

The abstract submittal system uses the UTF-8 (Unicode) character set. Submitters may use HTML coding to set italics or display special characters. Please do not use bold or underline formatting however, as this will be stripped out in the final, printed version of your abstract. Make sure you properly close your HTML tags.

Some examples:

  • Italics: <em>Synechococcus</em> yields Synechococcus
  • Sub/superscript: CO<sub>2</sub> = CO2 and 10<sup>-1</sup> = 10-1
  • Greek: &micro; = µ, &Sigma; = Σ, &delta;= δ
  • Math: &#8776; yields ≈, &#8800; yields ≠, &#8804; yields ≤
  • Non-English Characters: &#225; = á, &#241; = ñ, &#252;= ü, &#268;= Č

A good reference for finding and using codes can be found at: http://webdesign.about.com/od/localization/l/blhtmlcodes-math.htm

Important! Special characters and formatting are not required. Every abstract will be considered equally.

We offer the opportunity for authors who want to take the extra steps or who want to more properly submit personal and family names or the name of their organization.