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11. Ocean Policy, Resource Management

064: Oceanography in 2030: Schedule

Organizers: Peter Cornillon, University of Rhode Island, pcornillon@me.com; Peter Cornillon, University of Rhode Island, pcornillon@me.com; Mark Abbott, Oregon State University, mark@coas.oregonstate.edu

New and evolving technologies will have a dramatic impact on all aspects of our lives over the next 20 years. This session will explore the likely technological advances relevant to oceanography in the 10 to 20 year timeframe and the anticipated impacts of these advances on the oceanography that will be undertaken. It will also examine the impact of technology as well as other pressures on the institutional infrastructure of oceanography itself. Specifically, what will oceanography the science and oceanography the discipline look like in 2030? (11, 13)

067: Altered Estuaries: Processes, Restoration, and Management: Schedule

Organizers: Guan-hong Lee, Inha University, ghlee@inha.ac.kr; Guan-hong Lee, Inha University, ghlee@inha.ac.kr; Aswani K. Volety, Florida Gulf Coast Universtiy, avolety@fgcu.edu; Timothy M. Dellapenna, Texas A&M University, dellapet@tamug.edu

Estuaries provide valuable ecological services such as nursery habitat for recreationally and commercially important fin and shell fisheries; feeding grounds for birds, recreational needs of humans, and filtration and treatment of numerous chemical and microbiological contaminants, etc. At the same time, estuaries lie within the watersheds of the most heavily populated areas with about 60% of the world population living along estuaries and coasts. Over the last century estuaries have been altered by various human activities, including sedimentation from soil erosion; overgrazing and other poor farming practices; drainage and filling of wetlands; eutrophication due to excessive nutrients; and diking or damming for flood control or water diversion;. Efforts have been made in recent decades to understand the nature of altered estuaries and the natural response to these modifications, with the intention of restoration and/or best management practices of estuaries. This session will provide a venue to share our increased knowledge of the comprehensive nature of physical, chemical, geological and biological processes of altered estuaries, as well as our experience on their restoration and adaptive management practices. Our knowledge will help to establish operational tools for environmental management of altered estuaries in supporting a policy of global management of the estuaries. (5, 9, 11)

071: Deep-Sea Conservation Imperatives in the 21st Century: Schedule

Organizers: Lisa A. Levin, Scripps Institution of Oceanography, llevin@ucsd.edu; Cindy Van Dover, Duke University Marine Laboratory, clv3@duke.edu; Jeff Ardron, Marine Conservation Institute, Jeff.Ardron@Marine-Conservation.org; Craig R. Smith, University of Hawaii at Manoa, craigsmi@hawaii.edu

The deep waters and seabed of the world ocean constitute the largest biosphere on this planet, supporting a wealth of species and habitat diversity, performing key ecosystem functions and providing valuable food and energy resources. Once considered pristine, the deep sea (from 200-11,000 m) is under increasing pressure from potentially destructive extraction activities such as fishing, oil and gas exploitation and minerals mining, as well as waste and contaminant disposal, bioprospecting, and scientific research. CO2-driven climate change is also altering deep-sea species distributions and ecosystem processes with attendant effects on services and functions. In addressing these issues, EEZs and international waters face different regulatory landscapes. We invite talks that address conservation issues in pelagic and benthic realms of the slope, abyss and trenches. Topics of interest include but are not limited to human and climate-change impacts in the deep-sea, current conservation science issues and needs, marine policy instruments, management options, and global challenges. Presentations are welcome from science, industry, government and NGOs. (3 ,9, 11)

077: Data Systems that Support the US National Policy for the Stewardship of the Ocean, Coasts, and Great Lakes: Schedule

Organizers: Cynthia L. Chandler, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, cchandler@whoi.edu; Matthew K. Howard, Texas A&M University, mkhoward@tamu.edu

The research disciplines of oceanography and limnology generate a vast amount of data, vast in scope and volume. The session chairs welcome contributions describing the full range of strategies and solutions at our disposal to meet the challenges presented by such diverse research disciplines. Contributions are encouraged that describe existing pragmatic systems for data stewardship and delivery as well as those describing visions of systems designed to support the complex challenges presented by Ecosystem Based Management and Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning requirements. The recommendations described in the Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force report released in July 2010 will require access to data, access beyond data discovery, access to knowledge. Data systems capable of supporting the new National Policy for the Stewardship of the Ocean, Our Coasts, and the Great Lakes will require ‘data to knowledge’ capabilities. While these systems may still be in the vision or developmental stages, they presume a foundation of curated data systems buoyed by effective data management practices. The session chairs encourage contributions that address the data management challenges and opportunities presented by the Task Force recommendations for better stewardship of the ocean, our coastal regions, and the Great Lakes. (11, 16)

101: Development of a Prototype, Science-based Coastal Information System for Routine Assessments and Monitoring of Coastal Zones in Developed and Developing Nations: Schedule

Organizers: Hans-Peter Plag, University of Nevada, Reno, hpplag@unr.edu; Thomas C. Malone, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, malone@umces.edu; Paul M. DiGiacomo, NOAA/NESDIS, Paul.DiGiacomo@noaa.gov; Michael Bruno, Stevens Institute of Technology, mbruno@stevens.edu

Under the auspices of the Group on Earth Observations, the international body coordinating implementation of the Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS), the Coastal Zone Community of Practice (http://czcp.org/) seeks to develop a web-based prototype Coastal Information System (CIS) that will enable routine, scientifically sound assessments of the condition of coastal ecosystems across the land-sea interface on a local to global scales. The initial focus will be on regions where there have been CZCP stakeholder workshops (the Mediterranean, west Africa, and the Caribbean) and regions where there is strong user interest and capacity for implementation. Papers are solicited that address the ìend to endî (linking observations and models via data management and communications) development of a prototype CIS, including (1) identification of key indicators of ecosystem condition, (2) data requirements for computing these indicators (from both remote and in situ sensing), (3) observing system requirements for the provision of indicators of integrated ecosystem assessments at rates and in forms specified by decision-makers, (4) suitable web-based solutions to convey and deliver information in a timely manner, and (5) a component enabling contributions from “citizen scientists,” which are of particular relevance in regions with gaps in monitoring infrastructure. (6, 11, 13, 16)

117: Communicating a Changing Ocean: Challenges and Opportunities Facing Scientists and Decision Makers: Schedule

Organizers: Martha McConnell, The National Academy of Sciences, mmcconnell@nas.edu; Susan Roberts, The National Academy of Sciences, sroberts@nas.edu

Communicating changes in the ocean from human activities requires a different skill set than research, but can become an important component of an ocean scientistís career. Especially with implementation of the new National Ocean Policy, ocean and coastal scientists are needed more than ever to effectively communicate complex ocean and coastal science to a broad audience. Today our society must grapple with many issues such as ocean acidification, rising sea levels, increased ocean temperature, hypoxia, and pollution. How can oceanographers be more effective at communicating what they know and how they know it? What communication challenges do scientists face when changes may take place over many years before the negative effects on society are manifested? This session will explore recent advances in our knowledge of changing ocean and coasts, share techniques and examples for effective presentations of scientific information to decision makers and the public, and identify priorities for ocean and coastal science to solve emerging ocean environmental problems. Submissions are invited to share lessons learned about communicating the state of our oceans to various stakeholder groups, including policy makers, and describe factors that shape public understanding of a changing ocean. (10, 11)

131: Research Needs for Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning: Schedule

Organizers: James Ammerman, Stony Brook University, New York Sea Grant, james.ammerman@stonybrook.edu; Barry Costa-Pierce, University of Rhode Island, Rhode Island Sea Grant, bcp@gso.uri.edu

Implementing Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning (CMSP) is an important part of the National Ocean Policy mandated by a Presidential Executive Order. While there is a much background data available for many coastal areas to help with CMSP, in many cases the available data needed for specific planning actions is inadequate to the task at hand. Rhode Island and Massachusetts are among the national leaders in this area, with the Rhode Island Ocean SAMP (Special Area Management Plan) a potential model for an overall planning framework that included approximately $10 million of new ocean research, extensive stakeholder processes, and adaptive management plans. This session will address the needs for increased research, the types of research needed to support the implementation of CMSP, provide examples of such research, and also discuss ways to facilitate and support additional research for adaptive management. It will provide important information to researchers interested in directing their research to be more useful for CMSP. Submissions are encouraged from all involved with research to support CMSP, researchers, managers, and others. (9, 11, 13)

139: Governing Across Scales—Innovative Stewardship of Earth Systems: Creating a Global Large Marine Ecosystem Knowledge Network: Schedule

Organizers: Harold P. Batchelder, Oregon State University, hbatchelder@coas.oregonstate.edu; Peter Fox, Renseselaer Polytechnic Institute, pfox@rpi.edu; Suzanne Lawrence, Independent, suzanne@suzannelawrence.net; Oran Young, Univ. California, Santa Barbara, oran.young@gmail.com

Overfishing, marine pollution, habitat loss and climate change are contributing to the degradation in the world’s marine ecosystems. Prompt and potentially significant changes in the use of ocean resources are needed to overcome the negative consequences of human exploitation. Climate change has added new urgency to efforts to sustainably govern Large Marine Ecosystems (LME) as well as the accelerated recognition that ocean ecosystems not only affect climate processes, but are also substantially impacted by climate change. Investments in LME programs worldwide require implementation plans that are effective and efficient. What is presently lacking is a process to bring together existing knowledge networks to identify, review, and synthesize the best assessment and management practices among the community of LME practitioners dedicated to facilitating exchange of lessons learned. This session is designed to create a forum for sharing of information (e.g., data, lessons learned and best management practices) developed through various LME project processes among the global marine science community. The session will benefit all members of the ocean science community interested in building and maintaining a global knowledge network of policymakers and scientists committed to moving ecosystem based management and coastal and marine spatial planning from paper to practice. (3, 9, 11, 16)

167: Bridging the Gap Between Pure Aquatic Science and Environmental Assessment: Schedule

Organizers: Michael Teasdale, AMEC Earth and Environmental, michael.teasdale@amec.com; Sebastien Donnet, AMEC Earth and Environmental, sebastien.donnet @amec.com

Environmental monitoring/assessment and aquatic sciences have typically followed divergent paths. Regulators and environmental consultants do not necessarily follow the most up to date techniques with regards to aquatic environmental monitoring and environmental assessment. Paradigm shifts in the aquatic sciences continue to happen and be covered in the scientific journals and conferences but are not necessarily incorporated or known about in the applied sciences. This session hopes to recruit presentations of case studies where aquatic ecologists and environmental assessors have worked in conjunction to ensure that the techniques recently developed in academia have been successfully applied to an environmental issue. (9, 11)