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Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation 20th Biennial ConferenceEstuaries and Coasts in a Changing World1-5 November 2009, Portland, Oregon, USA

Keynote Address

Climate Change in Oregon and Beyond: Estuaries and Coasts in a Changing World

Bill Bradbury is a nationally recognized environmental advocate, who recently served two terms as Oregon’s Secretary of State.

Bradbury served on the State Land Board, which oversees management of state-owned lands. He has been involved in the effort to protect the nation’s first estuarine research reserve, the 4,400-acre South Slough estuary on the southern Oregon Coast.

Governor Ted Kulongoski appointed Bradbury to chair the Oregon Sustainability Board, and he also has been appointed to Oregon’s Global Warming Advisory Commission. As one of the first 50 participants in Vice President Al Gore’s Climate Change training sessions, Bradbury has given more than 200 climate change presentations in Oregon.

He served in the Oregon legislature for 14 years, which included stints as senate majority leader and senate president. As a legislator, Bradbury pursued the complementary Oregon values of environmental protection and economic development. He led successful efforts to establish Small Business Development Centers at community colleges, to develop the Salmon and Trout Enhancement Program (STEP), and to put together a relief package for displaced timber workers. He also helped pass measures that prevented offshore oil drilling and planned for state-owned ocean resources, as well as legislation that enacted the Oregon Watershed Health Program.

His long-term professional interests are protecting the environment, creating jobs, and improving education.

Bill Bradbury – The Best Oregon Is Yet To Come. "About Bill Bradbury." July 1, 2009. http://www.bradbury2010.com/about-bill. (October 1, 2009).

Chautauquas (Forums)

Tuesday, 3 November, 4:00 - 5:30 pm

Climate Change

Location: Oregon Convention Center, B113-114
Conveners: Nathan Mantua and William Peterson

Nathan Mantua is a research associate professor, School of Aquatic and Fishery Sciences, at the University of Washington. His research focuses on climate variations, climate impacts on ecosystems and society, and the applications of climate information to resource management. His recent projects include investigations of climate impacts on recruitment of marine and anadromous fish stocks, climate impacts on harmful algal blooms in Puget Sound, and the potential applications of climate information (data, forecasts and long-term climate change scenarios) to forecasts and management of living marine resources.

William Peterson has been working at NOAA’s Northwest Fisheries Science Center, Newport Field Station, since September 1995. He came to Newport from NOAA Fisheries headquarters, where he served for three years as the director of the U.S. GLOBEC Interagency Program Coordination Office. His chief research interest is studying the effects of climate variability and change on zooplankton and pelagic fish populations (particularly juvenile salmonids) in the Northern California Current region. He also leads an active research program on euphausiid (krill) ecology and biology.

He uses high-frequency acoustics and long-term sampling programs to study distributions of zooplankton and fish and the spatial interactions of these taxa within the physical ocean environment.

Salmon (Past, Present, Future)

Location: Oregon Convention Center, B110-112
Conveners: John Ferguson, Robin Waples, Michael Ford, John Williams, and Thomas Quinn

The Salmon Data Access Working Group will have a joint session available for all CERF 2009 attendees. This group is a research/data working group formed under State of the Salmon, a joint program of the Wild Salmon Center and Ecotrust. Their task is to synthesize data and facilitate dialogue in support of sound salmon management and conservation at ever finer geographic scales. A comprehensive set of goals and principles underlies the key initiatives through which they strive to ensure that wild salmon populations thrive long into the future. Many of the scientists who will be attending CERF 2009 have been or will be working with this group. We believe the methods of this group may be transferable to other regions/species.

Ocean Acidification—The Other CO2 Problem

Location: Oregon Convention Center, B115-116
Conveners: Richard A. Feely and Burke Hales

Carbon dioxide (CO2) is one of the most important “greenhouse” gases in the atmosphere; it effects the radiative heat balance of the earth. As a direct result of the industrial and agricultural activities of humans over the past two centuries, atmospheric CO2 concentrations have increased by about 100ppm. The atmospheric concentration of CO2 is now higher than experienced on Earth for at least the last 800,000 years, and is expected to continue to rise, leading to significant temperature increases in the atmosphere and oceans by the end of this century. The global oceans are the largest natural long-term reservoir for this excess heat and CO2, absorbing approximately 85% of the heat and 30% of the anthropogenic carbon released into the atmosphere since the beginning of the industrial era. Recent studies have demonstrated that both the temperature increases and the increased concentrations of CO2 in the oceans are causing significant changes in marine ecosystems. Many marine organisms are already affected by these anthropogenic stresses, including impacts due to ocean acidification. Recent studies have provided new findings that organisms growing in estuaries or in coastal upwelling zones, such as those living near river mouths or along the continental shelf of the west coast of North America from Canada to Mexico, may already be experiencing significant biological impacts resulting from the combined effects of freshwater input, coastal upwelling and ocean acidification. This Chautauqua will focus on present and future implications of increased CO2 levels on the health of our ocean ecosystems and related ocean-based economies.

Puget Sound/Urban Estuaries

Location: Oregon Convention Center, B117-119
Convener: David Dicks

David Dicks is executive director of The Puget Sound Partnership (http://www.psp.wa.gov/aboutthepartnership.php) and is helping to co-ordinate a large-scale initiative to tackle some of the foremost habitat restoration needs in Washington State’s Puget Sound basin. A recent PBS Frontline, Poisoned Waters, highlighted some of Puget Sound’s issues. (http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/poisonedwaters/view/) The Puget Sound Partnership represents a partnership between the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, state, local, and federal government organizations, tribes, industries, and environmental organizations. The Puget Sound Nearshore

Project goals are to identify significant ecosystem problems, evaluate potential solutions, and restore and preserve critical nearshore habitat. The two biggest threats to the environment of Puget Sound and many other urban estuaries around the world are more people and climate change. In Puget Sound these threats will have a huge impact on salmon and other biological resources. The Puget Sound region is expected to have a 35% increase in the number of people by 2020. Currently 70,000 acres a year are developed annually. At that level, with today’s land use and transportation policies, Puget Sound could be biologically dead by 2020. According to a study, 54 million pounds of toxic chemicals are still going into Puget Sound each year, 150,000 pounds a day. Of that, only 10% comes from industrial point sources.

It is clear that as a result of the permitting processes, singlepoint industrial sources have been reasonably controlled.  The remaining 90% of the toxic wastes flowing into the Sound comes from runoff. Earlier this year the Washington State Pollution Control Board ruled that developers need to use LID (low impact development) wherever feasible, particularly in regard to storm water management. If LID is mandated, developers will have to get engineers, architects, and landscape architects trained in the many good techniques for preventing runoff.

© 2009 Coastal & Estuarine Research Federation
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Conference Management
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